Phenomenological study of cultural identity crisis in the architecture of religious buildings in Tehran after the Islamic Revolution with emphasis on the process of urbanization in Iran

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 PhD Student in Architecture, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Architecture, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran, Corresponding Author

3 Associate Professor, Department of Architecture, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran.

Abstract

Religious buildings are important and Affected areas of identity and cultural challenges. The purpose of this study is to identify and find the causes of cultural challenges resulting from the phenomenon of urbanization and their representation on the architecture of religious buildings in Tehran in the post-revolutionary period.The method used in this research is qualitative research strategy with phenomenological method and hermeneutic approach and non-random sampling method (individuals) is snowball and the method of selecting religious buildings is Targeted.Findings indicate irregular migration during the period before and after the Islamic Revolution in Iran, and the subsequent formation of an increasing trend of urbanization in the form of main themes, such as: cultural heterogeneity, cultural and philosophical confrontation, cultural turmoil, pluralism. Cultural and lack and cultural reproduction were examined, which caused identity and cultural crises and its representation on the architecture of religious buildings in Tehran.The results of the research show that in some religious buildings in Tehran in the post-Islamic Revolution period and as a result of these challenges, an undesirable and chaotic face and contrary to religious and indigenous culture has been shown. To control the crisis of architectural identity and the shift towards sustainable and identity-based architectural design in the study area, strategies such as: balance, production-oriented, cohesion, place identity, traditionalism, demographic diversity, social participation and culture were proposed.

Keywords


  • Receive Date: 23 December 2021
  • Revise Date: 05 April 2022
  • Accept Date: 06 April 2022
  • First Publish Date: 06 April 2022