Document Type : Original Article
Ph.D in Management, Department of Public Management, Islamic Azad University, Zahedan Branch, Iran
Cultural development, aimed at the systematic progress and dynamism of society, through cultural and social planning, and given special priority accorded to native and national values, provides the spiritual and material needs of the individuals in the community and can be used to promote the level of factors affecting the growth of society. On the other hand, there is a bilateral relationship between cultural development and participation. Therefore, in order to explain the subcultures of participation and especially political participation, cultural developments are needed to provide the context for the participation of members of a community in political affairs. On the other hand, a significant part of political behavior, especially political participation, requires cultural beliefs that are appropriate to and consistent with political development. The present study is conducted using descriptive-analytic research methodology, SWOT technique, library resources, open and semi-structured interviews, and statistics published by official authorities, through deductive and inductive reasoning, etc. In this way, the author has collected, evaluated and analyzed data and has identified and investigated the effective factors in the political participation of the residents of Sistan and Baluchistan province. The results of this study indicate that the parameters of ethnicity, religiosity, political currents, education and elites are influenced by political participation. Also, three conservative strategies, namely, linking people's daily needs with social activities, trust building of reference groups and paying attention to the role of people as social capital in the elections in order to increase the level of political participation by using the features of political culture in the long run, have been provided.