Zoning and Explaining the Sustainable Socio-human Development of Rural Areas of Chaharmahal Bakhtiari Province with TOPSIS Model

Document Type : Original Article


1 Associate Professor Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Extension and Rural Development, Faculty of Agriculture University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran


This study mainly aimed at zoning and explaining the sustainable socio-human development of rural areas of Chaharmahal Bakhtiari province with TOPSIS model. First, the theoretical foundations of social and human sustainability and its study records were studied, and after validation, they were reviewed by ome experts in the rural districts all over the province. TOPSIS model was adopted as an appropriate research method through which a stratified random sampling method was used to draw a sample from the dwellers of 130 villages of 16 rural districts of 6 counties of Chaharmahal Bakhtiari province. 18 socio-human indicators in five dimensions namely population dynamics, education and information management, security and social satisfaction, cooperation and social capital, and health were examined. Among these indicators, education and information management had the highest rank and social security and satisfaction stood in the lowest position. In rural zoning and ranking, Bazaft rural district with a value of 0.795 has the best status of sustainable rural social development, followed by two other villages namely Felard and Poshtkuh with final values of 0.728 and 0.696 respectively, and with more favorable statuses than other rural areas in terms of sustainable social – human development. Dinaran village with a weight value of 0.043, after two other villages namely Dorahan and Doab, with final values of 0.212 and 0.215 respectively, were the weakest villages in terms of sustainable rural social development. According to the local findings, practical suggestions were presented to create coordination and balance of socio-human sustainability to achieve balanced sustainable development in the province.


Main Subjects

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