The Role of Communicative Skills in Intergenerational Social Mobility: A Case Study: Tehran's Over-30-Year-Old Citizens

Document Type : Original Article


1 Assistant Professor of Communication and Social Science faculty, Azad University, Tehran Shargh Branch, Tehran, Iran.

2 Master of Social Communications and Honorary Researcher of Kando Kave Social Studies Center (corresponding author).


One of the indicators of judging the development of a society is the social mobility especially, its ascending vertical type and the factors affecting it. This study aims at  investigating the role of speech skills, self-disclosure, writing skills, and the use of communication technologies in intergenerational social mobility. It is a quantitative research in which the survey method and the researcher-made questionnaire have been used. The statistical population included 5,240,090 people selected from Tehran's over-30-year-old citizens . The sample was 384 persons selected through Cochran's formula and Sampling was done in the form of multi-stage clusters. The results revealed that communication skills and population variables had affected the citizens’ intergenerational social mobility with a coefficient of 0.19. Writing skill with β: 0.23 and self-disclosure with β: 0.24 also had affected intergenerational social mobility. There was no significant relationship between speech skills and using communication technologies and intergenerational social mobility. Besides, gender variable with β: -0.34 and marital status variable with β: 0.11 had affected social mobility. Based on the t-test and considering gender variable, vertical intergenerational social mobility was more in men and considering marital status, it was more in singles. Tehran citizens’ communication skills were more than average and their intergenerational social mobility was ascending for men and descending for women.


Aftabi, Maryam (1392). The role of communication skills in the business environment. The first national conference on business management, pp.1-18. )In persian)
Akbari Khonji, Nezam (1382). Immigration and Adaptation: A Study of Iranians in the UAE. Shiraz: Navid shiraz. )In persian)
Anvari, Mohammadreza (1390). A review of symbolic interaction theory. Maerefat, Twentieth Year,No.8, pp.153-171. )In persian)
Farhangi, Aliakbar & Tarzaminejad, Vahideh (1387). Organizational communication in the information society: The effectiveness of new communication and information technologies in the efficiency of organizational communication (in the Broadcasting Organization of the Islamic Republic of Iran). Management, No. 78, pp.19-32)In persian)
Feyz, Davoud; Sharafi, Vahid & Shoul, hossein (1395). Relationship between job status and evading resposibilities: A study of the role of organizational indifference. Organizational Resource Management Research, sixth Year, No. 3, pp.107-128.)In persian)
Ghaffari, Zahra (1396). The effect of embodied (mental) cultural capital on inter-generation social mobility (Case study: citizens aged 30-54 in Gorgan). Social Development, Issue 11, No. 4, pp.183-206.)In persian)
Ghasempour moghadam, Hosein; Mirzaee, Shahrbanou; Lotfi, Eshrat & Vali, Masoumeh (1389). Teacher's book (teaching guide). Tehran: Exceptional Education Organization of the country.)In persian)
Guy, Rocher (1376). Sociology of Talcott Parsons. (A. Nikgohar, Trans.) Tehran: Tebyan.
Hashemzehi, Norouz & Bahredar, Somayeh (1397). Comparison of social mobility of men and women in Tehran (Study population: Tehran citizens over 20 years old). Future Studies Research and Policy Making, Issue 11, No. 11, pp.12-26.)In persian)
Hosseini, Mohammad (1398). Intergenerational job mobility of men in Iran from 1996 to 2016. Planning and budgeting, Twenty fourth Year,No.1, pp.25-50.)In persian)
Hosseininasab, Davoud & Mostafapour, Kobra (1391). Investigating the relationship between communication skills and organizational health of schools. Educational Science,Issue 5, No. 19, pp.27-40.)In persian)
Javadi Yeganeh, Mohammadreza; Fatemi Amin, Zeinab & Fouladian, Majid (1390). Comparative study of laziness index in Iran and other countries and some solutions. Culture strategyo, No.12 pp.111-134. )In persian)
Mahdavi, Somayeh; Aghili, Seyed vahid; Hashemzehi, Norouz & Farhangi, Aliakbar (1397). The role of managers' communication skills in business development with emphasis on customer orientation. Social development studies, Issue 10, No. 2, pp.127-152. )In persian)
Malek, Hassan (1374). Sociology of social strata and inequalities. Tehran: Payam Noor university. )In persian)
Masoumirad, Reza & Nayebi, Houshang (1392). Social Factors Affecting Social (Occupational) Mobility of Faculty Members of Islamic Azad University. Socio-cultural strategy, Second Year, No. 7, 1-34. )In persian)
Mehdizadeh, Seyed mohammad (1396). Media theories (common ideas and critical views). Tehran: Hamshahri. )In persian)
Nayebi, Houshang., & Abdollahian, Hamid. (1381). Explaining social stratification. Social Science Letter,Issue 10, No. 20, pp.205-236. )In persian)
Nayebi, Houshang & Masoumirad, Reza (1390). Cultural factors affecting social mobility: Case study in men 35 to 64 years in Tehran. Sociological studies,  issue 18, No. 39,pp.1-34. )In persian)
Robertson, Eian (1372). An Introduction to Society Emphasizing Theories of Functionalism, Conflict, and Symbolic Interaction. (H. Behravan, Trans.) Mashhad: Astan Qods Razavi.
Soraghi, Issa; Abolfathi, Dariush & Maleki, Hossein(1388). The process of globalization and its impact on the process of urbanization in metropolises of developing countries (Case study: Tehran metropolis). Applied Research in Geographical Sciences, No.13 pp.139-172. )In persian)
Zare,Bijan&  Lotfi, Mahvash (1387). Investigation of social factors affecting social mobility in Kermanshah. Social issues of Iran, Fourth Year, No.1,pp.113-139. )In persian)