Document Type : Original Article
Futures Studies Dep., National Research Institute for Science Policy (NRISP), Tehran, Iran.
Assistant Professor, National Research Institute for Science Policy
Assistant Professor and Member of Faculty of National Research Institute for Science Policy (NRISP)
Associate Professor, Sharif University of technology
The purpose of this study is to present a future-oriented model for prioritizing S&T in accordance with Iran's needs. The data collection tools are interviews, questionnaires and documents. In this research, using the method of content analysis, factors affecting the prioritization of S&T were identified. After that, the national requirements of the initial model of prioritizing S&T were examined with the help of interviews with experts, the initial future-oriented S&T prioritization model in accordance with Iran's conditions was presented. After that, the model was validated with the help of an expert questionnaire and the experts confirmed the desirability of the model from the perspectives of accuracy, comprehensiveness and constraint, simplicity and ease, balance and balance, applicability, and finally innovation. The results show that this model includes four steps: " pre-prioritization", "determining the initial list of priorities", "identifying the priority space" and " future-oriented prioritizing ". Also, the components of this model include functional priorities in addition to thematic priorities, prioritizing based on non-economic approaches, no conflict of interests of individuals and institutions, no path dependency, vertical policy coordination, long-term approach, participatory, systemic, the use of quantitative methods of futures studies, qualitative methods and robust planning method.