Review of Non-Economic Causes of Women’s Unwillingness to Childbearing (Case Study: Women Presenting to Sports Clubs in Tehran’s District

Document Type : Original Article


Assistant Professor, Department of Development and Social Policy, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Tehran.


This research to investigate the non-economic causes affecting the childbearing decisions (no children or few children) of women presenting to sports gyms of Tehran’s District 1. Because the rate of fertility is reduced nowadays the qualitative method and interview technique For this purpose are used and female sports clubs of 19 neighborhoods in District 1 of Tehran were referred to, and interviews were conducted with 43 women aged 25-45 years with the experience of marriage and were willing to attend the research, until theoretical saturation was achieved. psychological characteristics ( Personal fear, personal tendencies )as well as new social and cultural characteristics were identified as main causes (main components) of unwillingness to childbearing. Reduced empathetic interests of the child caused by value changes can be regarded as a reason for the fact that couples may seek alternative leisure other than childbearing to enjoy their leisure time, as uncertainty over continued marital life can encourage them to less think of childbearing, while, at the same time, tending to more think of education and having a suitable job.


  • Receive Date: 22 June 2022
  • Revise Date: 21 September 2022
  • Accept Date: 25 September 2022
  • First Publish Date: 25 September 2022