Examining the role of marital conflicts and methods of dealing with conflicts in the tendency to divorce (Case of study: Citizens with spouses of Ardabil city)

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of History and Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili , Ardabil, Iran

2 Assistant Professor Mohaghegh Ardabili University


The current research aims to investigate the role of marital conflicts and conflict resolution styles in the tendency to divorce in Ardabil society in two qualitative (content analysis of interviews) and quantitative (survey) parts. Qualitative results showed that marital conflicts in 5 categories "emotional conflicts", "cultural conflicts" and "moral conflicts", "economic conflicts" and "communication conflicts" and methods of dealing with conflicts in the form of "emotional conflict" categories. , "democratic encounter", "rational encounter", "escape from the situation" and "forced or instrumental encounter" can be identified. Also, according to the quantitative results, the vast majority of couples (more than 95%) are more or less struggling with the issue of marital conflicts, of which the highest rate is related to emotional conflicts and the lowest rate is related to cultural conflicts. On the other hand, the very low rate of using coercive methods in dealing with conflicts in contrast to the significant rate of using rational and democratic approaches indicates the preference of soft methods over hard strategies among couples. According to the results, couples use hard (coercive) methods of dealing with emotional-moral conflicts and soft (rational and democratic) methods of dealing with cultural-relational conflicts. In the discussion of explaining the tendency to divorce, the results showed that conflict resolution methods have more explanatory power compared to marital conflicts. Therefore, considering the inevitability of marital conflict, focusing on strengthening problem-solving skills in family policy-making will be far more beneficial and even more economical than focusing on the formation of conflict-free marriages.