Examining the role of social strategy of employment in the real self vs. ideal self

Document Type : Original Article


1 Institute for Research & Planning in Higher EducationDepartmentsComparative Studies in Higher Education

2 Kharzmi University

3 Department of Sociology, Tehran, Iran

4 Université du Québec à Montréal

5 UQAM · Department of Education and Specialized Training Ph.D.



Real self vs. ideal self on the job experience is one of the most important stages of job socialization. The purpose of this study is to measure the gap between the Real self and the ideal self of university students and graduates. This study is a quantitative survey. The sampling method is random cluster and 354 students and graduates of Tehran University were selected in 4 fields of different pure soft, applied soft, pure hard and applied hard sciences based on Becher's classification, The results show that on average, the respondents' assessment of their actual self-situation was 94.70 and their ideal self-assessment was 86.9. The analysis of the average score of the gap between the actual self and the ideal self indicates that the variable of education and passing the university socialization course on the one hand, and being employed, especially the employment related to the field of study and related occupational socialization, on the other hand, are important factors in understanding the realities. And reducing the gap, also, students studying in soft fields (psychology and law) experience the gap between their ideal self and their real self less than those studying in hard fields (chemistry and computer engineering). This study confirms the positive effects of academic and professional socialization on reducing the gap between real self and ideal self during academic and professional education experiences among students and graduates.


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