Sociological study of the effect of political power on the political culture of the people (Case study: Pahlavi I)

Document Type : Original Article


1 Sociology Department ,Islamic Azad university ,central Tehran Branch

2 Department of Management, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch of Tehran, Iran (Corresponding Author)

3 sociology Department,Islamic Azad university ,central Tehran Branch,Tehran ,Iran



The purpose of this article was to discover and identify the sociological nature of political power and its impact on the political culture of the people during the reign of Reza Shah.
The research method was qualitative and descriptive-analytical, and data collection was done in the form of document-library and the use of questionnaires. The theoretical model of the research is based on Almond and Verba's theory of political culture.
The results and findings of the research indicate that among the main characteristics of the effects of political power on the political culture of the people during Reza Shah's time, "the sovereignty of individual relationships instead of laws", "dedication and closeness in advance instead of the meritocracy system", "loyalty to person instead of political organizations", "corruption", "destruction of proper competition", "absolute obedience from above", "blocking of political open space", "isolation of intellectuals", "suffering", "political distrust" Is.
Also, the structure of political power in Reza Shah's period has a direct relationship with infrastructures such as the government and political organization, because the political system in this era, along with the absolute monarchy, exercised the most power in the country and its orders were mandatory for all sub-systems of the country. On the other hand, the coordination of resources to achieve the goals of the government was carried out through its political institutions.
Key words: political power, political culture, first Pahlavi


Main Subjects