Sociological study of work ethics and its comparison between women and men in workshops subject to the labor law of Bushehr province (with emphasis on paragraph 24 of the general policies of the administrative system)

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD student in economic sociology and development, Yasouj University, Yasouj, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, Yasouj University, Yasouj, Iran

3 Dept. of Sociology/ Human Science Faculty/ Yasouj University, Iran



Work ethics is one of the basic needs of every society, and human resources with work ethics play an effective role in advancing the goals and national development of countries. The main part of this research was the sociological analysis of the work ethics of women and men working in workshops subject to the labor law of Bushehr province. For the theoretical framework of the research, theorists in different fields of sociology, organizational management and psychology have been used. The research method was a descriptive survey and the statistical population was all women and men working in the workshops covered by the Karastan Law of Bushehr. A statistical sample of 400 people was selected by cluster sampling method using Sample Power software. A 78-question questionnaire developed by the researcher was used to collect data. Its validity was confirmed through confirmatory factor analysis and reliability through Cronbach's alpha (α=0.78). Data analysis was done using spss and amos software and by structural equation model analysis at two descriptive and inferential levels. The results showed that organizational control with path coefficient (0.626), education level with path coefficient (0.156), gender attitude with path coefficient (0.099) and religious beliefs with path coefficient (0.325) on ethics. The work of men and women in workshops subject to the labor law of Bushehr province is affected. Also, the results of the t-test of independent samples at a significant level (0.05) showed that the work ethic of women is higher than that of men with an average of (105).


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