عنوان مقاله [English]
John Locke said we should accept that the absolute is an impossible thing. But on
the contrary, the idea of the possibility of the absolute has been always influential in
the history of Iran in various ways. In this article, the possible political absolute is
introduced as the initial core of Iranian identity and the historical force of its
continuity. Also, the Iran's 57 Revolution is considered the final maturity of this
initial core in the political scene and the republic derived from the Revolution is
regarded as the transition of the main content of Iran’s history to its modern era. Our
main question is that in the process of the formation of Iran, has there been any
primary principle or initial core underlying all its developments and experiments?
The hypothesis is that by the advent of the Islamic Revolution, it was revealed that
the philosophy of history of Iran (that is the possible end of Iranian history) lies in
the longing for linkage to the absolute through establishing a holy and powerful
state. In other words, the evolving core of Iran’s advent is an increasing spiritual
moral inclination which contrary to many other nations, suggests that ethnic and
political linkage to the absolute is a possible thing. The idea of the absolute has
turned Iran into a political community, prone to establish a state.
The method of research used in this article is a phenomenological one which tries to
understand what is exposed to mind or consciousness. The finding of this article is a
fundamental understanding about the final evolution of Iran’s history and
recognizing its philosophy or the ultimate cause of its being. In other words, a
comprehensive and eventual understanding of Iran is to be considered inevitably
posterior to a total and final change manifested to us as Iran's 57 Revolution.