عنوان مقاله [English]
Population size, distribution and quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the population have been the concern of thinkers and planners since the distant past and still have a special place. Considering the interrelationship between population and environmental and geographical forces, in this article population distribution in the geographical area of Iran has been studied. In this regard, the descriptive-analytical research method has been used; General population and housing census statistics, review of library studies and review of high-level documents were used. Finally, demographic strategies were determined in accordance with the environmental conditions and demographic window opportunity in the economic, social, demographic and geographic, environmental and security domains. New population centers should be established in the northeast, center, southeast, and southern coasts of the country according to geographical capabilities, ecological conditions, and in line with the implementation of general population policies. and decentralization of the population center of the capital should be given serious attention. Neglecting strategies based on environmental and population conditions can face the country with environmental destruction and the two phenomena of population aging and youth in the future and increase the country's costs; and turn the population from a factor of development into an obstacle to development.